Scientific Program

Conference Series LLC Ltd invites all the participants across the globe to attend 12th International Conference on Agriculture and Horticulture Sydney, Australia.

Day 1 :

  • Agriculture Engineering | Agriculture & Food Security| Plant Science | Agricultural Production Systems & Agribusiness | Bioresources | Agricultural Biotechnology | Agriculture and Environment | Agroforestry & Landscaping | Livestock Farming & Genetic Engineering
Location:

Session Introduction

Susan Haddock

University of Florida/Institute of Agricultural Sciences, USA.

Title: Florida-Friendly Landscaping™: A Grass-Roots Horticulture Program that Promotes Urban Environmental Stewardship
Speaker
Biography:

Susan is a University of Florida Institute of Agricultural Sciences County Extension Agent III. She has served the commercial horticulture industry of Hillsborough County and southwest Florida since March 2010 by providing educational resources, programs, diagnostics and site visits in the areas of sustainable urban horticulture practices, water quality and conservation, integrated pest management, and pesticide safety. Susan’s educational background includes a B.S. in Environmental Horticulture from the University of Florida, a B.S. in Biology from Old Dominion University and a MBA from the University of California. 

Abstract:

  The State of Florida projects its current population of 20 million will grow to nearly 26 million over the next two decades, and will increasingly tax available water resources and increasingly pollute surface and ground waters. A recent strategic study on the state’s water resources, “Water 2070: Mapping Florida's Future - Alternative Patterns of Water Use in 2070", found that the state’s ongoing Florida-Friendly Landscaping™ (FFL) program is fundamental to reducing future water demand and protecting water quality. Methodology: The University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (UF/IFAS) administers FFL, with state and federal funding. FFL provides educational outreach to homeowners through its Florida Yards & Neighborhoods program and to commercial landscape professionals through the Green Industries Best Management Practices (GI-BMP) program. These programs promote quality landscapes through appropriate landscape design, while reducing nonpoint source pollution through reduced water, fertilizer and pesticide use. The programs educate citizens through a statewide network of Extension agents affiliated with UF/IFAS Extension. The agents coordinate a volunteer network of over 4,000 citizen Master Gardeners and work cooperatively with over 41,000 GI-BMP certified landscape professionals. Results: Florida state legislation (2009) found that FFL serves a public interest in water conservation, protection and restoration, participation by homeowner associations and local governments is essential, and deed restrictions or local ordinances may not prohibit FFL use by homeowners. During 2016, the program reached 155,750 homeowners through in-person workshops, conducted 6,051 home consultations, and certified 4,051 persons in GI-BMP. Other countries can easily replicate this program. 

Speaker
Biography:

Diego Viteri is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Agro-Environmental Sciences at University of Puerto Rico. He has more than five years of experience in Integrated Pest Management approaches to control pests in corn, pigeon pea, soybean, and sorghum; and genetics and breeding for resistance to biotic and abiotic stresses in common bean. He has worked with biological insecticides such as nucleopolyhedrovirus, and Steinernema carpocapsae alone and in combination with synthetic insecticides of different groups for the control of Lepidopteran pests. Dr. Viteri has been author/co-author of more than 20 publications in North American and European journals.

Abstract:

Fall armyworm (FAW) [Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E. Smith) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)] is the most destructive pest of corn in Africa, the Americas, and elsewhere, causing yield losses up to 100%. Resistance to many insecticides groups including Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) has been reported. Thus, the efficacy of biological agents, synthetic insecticides, and environmental friendly combinations between insecticides needs to be assessed. Our objectives were to evaluate the mortality of FAW larvae caused by (1) two biological agents and six synthetic insecticides, and (2) three low-toxicity insecticides in combination with the biological agents. Larvae in fifth-instar from corn fields without insecticide treatment were collected in Lajas, Puerto Rico and placed in a 20 ml plastic cup containing a wheat-based artificial diet. Two-hundred μL of insecticide solution at high dose were applied to each larva. Evaluations of larvae mortality were conducted from 24 to 96 h. ß-cyfluthrin, Bt, and Chromobacterium spp. gave the lowest percentage of mortality (<15%) at 96 h. Steinernema carpocapsae (SC) resulted in 37% mortality, while chlorantraniliprole, spinetoram, and Bt + SC killed 39-61%, 60-75%, and 81% of the larvae, respectively at 96 h. However, the highest mortalities (>90%) were noted with chlorpyrifos, methomyl, and spinetoram + SC at 48 h; and chlorantraniliprole + SC at 72 h. Thus, the use of low-toxicity insecticides in combination with the entomopathogenic nematode SC were highly effective to control FAW larvae. Furthermore, no resistance was noted to chlorpyrifos and methomyl in this FAW population, and both active ingredients might be used for FAW control.

Abdeen Omer

Energy Research Institute, UK

Title: Ideal Greenhouses for Greener Environment
Speaker
Biography:

Abdeen Mustafa Omer (BSc, MSc, PhD) is an Associate Researcher at Energy Research Institute (ERI). He obtained both his PhD degree in the Built Environment and Master of Philosophy degree in Renewable Energy Technologies from the University of Nottingham. He is qualified Mechanical Engineer with a proven track record within the water industry and renewable energy technologies. He has been graduated from University of El Menoufia, Egypt, BSc in Mechanical Engineering. His previous experience involved being a member of the research team at the National Council for Research/Energy Research Institute in Sudan and working director of research and development for National Water Equipment Manufacturing Co. Ltd., Sudan. He has been listed in the book WHO’S WHO in the World 2005, 2006, 2007 and 2010. He has published over 300 papers in peer-reviewed journals, 200 review articles, 14 books and 150 chapters in books.

 

Abstract:

The move towards a de-carbonised world, driven partly by climate science and partly by the business opportunities it offers, will need the promotion of environmentally friendly alternatives, if an acceptable stabilisation level of atmospheric carbon dioxide is to be achieved. This requires the harnessing and use of natural resources that produce no air pollution or greenhouse gases and provides comfortable coexistence of human, livestock, and plants. This study reviews the energy-using technologies based on natural resources, which are available to and applicable in the farming industry. Among these are greenhouses, which are necessary for the growth of some plants (i.e., vegetables, flowers, etc.) in severe climates. However, greenhouses require some air conditioning process to control their temperature and relative humidity to suit specific plants. To achieve this, a novel air humidifier and/or dehumidifier systems using mop fans had been designed and employed in an experimental greenhouse to evaluate its performance under a controlled environment. This device helped to reduce the energy consumption of the greenhouse whilst providing a pleasant environment for the plants inside the greenhouse. The system was designed taking into account the meteorological conditions, which affect the environment inside the greenhouse. The performance of the system was monitored over a period of time by measuring the temperature and relative humidity of the greenhouse. Results of the monitoring have shown that the system was able to provide comfortable conditions (temperatures of 16-26oC and relative humidity of 65%) suitable for the plants grown in the experimental greenhouse. It also enabled the minimisation of temperature variation and, hence, avoided the hazard of any sudden climatic change inside the greenhouse.

 

Speaker
Biography:

Abstract:

Lentil (Lens culinaris) is a valuable staple food legume with an annual global production of ~5MT which is ubiquitously impacted by the disease ascochyta blight, caused by the necrotrophic fungal pathogen, Ascochyta lentis. The most effective and environmentally friendly method to control AB is use of resistant genotypes together with scheduled chemical applications. In order to breed sustainable resistance, knowledge on the key components underpinning the resistance trait is required. Accordingly, a large number of A. lentis defence-related transcripts were identified by RNA-sequencing in the highly resistant genotype ILL7537, which is routinely used in the Australian resistance breeding program [1]. Subsequently, genome-by-sequencing (GBS) method was used to identify SNP markers and produce a comprehensive linkage map comprising of 1161 markers across 120 F5 RIL (ILL7537 x ILL6002 cross). Disease resistance in the RIL population was assessed using four quantitative traits and three major quantitative trait loci governing the ILL7537 resistance were identified (R-QTL). Co-location of differentially expressed defence-related transcripts with SNPs within the identified R-QTL regions revealed a set of putative candidate resistance genes and associated transcription factors, for further investigation as the key drivers of the resistance trait.

P. Mormile

Institute of Applied Sciences and Intelligent Systems, Italy

Title: Real-time Plants response to UV-B irradiation by active Thermography
Speaker
Biography:

Abstract:

The effects that different doses of UV-B radiation can induce on plants have been analyzed in a great number of papers present in the literature but many aspects of the response mechanisms remain to be elucidated. In the present work, to the best of our knowledge, for the first time the UV-B – plants interaction is analyzed by the use of active thermography, monitoring in real time the absorption process and the behaviour of the leaves irradiated by such a radiation.  The study highlights new aspects of the physiological response of the plants to UV-B radiation and it opens new opportunites for the use of the thermography technique as a new and important tool for real-time analysis of the behaviour of plants under UV-B radiation.

Speaker
Biography:

Wenyu Zhang has completed his PhD at the age of 28 years from Nanjing Agricultural University. He has published more than 26 papers in journals, and has been serving as a member of Computer Application in Agriculture Chapter of Chinese Association of Agricultural Science Societies, and The Youth Committee of Jiangsu Society of Systems Engineering.

Abstract:

To quantify the relationships between main stem leaf morphological parameters for rapeseed and the corresponding leaf biomass, field experiments on varieties, transplanting densities, and fertilizer were conducted in 2011 to 2012, and 2012 to 2013 seasons. The biomass-based leaf morphological parameter models for rapeseed on main stem were constructed through observing leaf length, maximum leaf width, and leaf petiole length under various treatments, and analyzing the relationships between leaf morphological parameters and the corresponding leaf biomass. Because both of the leaf length and leaf width were positively proportional to the square root of the corresponding leaf biomass, meanwhile the leaf petiole length was positively proportional to the corresponding leaf length, thus, the changes in the leaf length, the maximum leaf width, and the leaf petiole length with the square root of the corresponding leaf biomass for different treatments could be described with linear function. The biomass-based leaf morphological parameter models were validated using independent experiment data, and the results showed that the model revealed satisfactory predictions of leaf length, leaf width, and leaf petiole length, except the simulation for leaf petiole length of Ningyou 16. The research provides a mechanistic method for linking the rapeseed growth model with the morphological model using organ biomass, and lays a foundation for the establishment of functional-structural plant models of rapeseed.

Speaker
Biography:

Kiflom Weldu Okubazghi has completed his MSc in Crop Genetics and Breeding from Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences. Currently, he is a PhD scholar at Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences. He is a lecturer at Hamelmalo Agricultural College, Keren, Eritrea. He has published a paper in a reputed journal named Journal of Integrative Agriculture and his other papers are ready for submission to other reputed journals.

Abstract:

Gossypium hirsutum is the most important source of fiber for textile industry worldwide. To meet the demand of the world’s growing population and rising income, cotton production has to be improved. However, crop production, in general, is under threat due to human-mediated climate change, which has left farmers and crop breeders with almost no choice but to contend with frequent and long-term droughts, among other abiotic stress. Semi-wild accessions of Gossypium hirsutum races are repositories of desirable alleles for several economically important traits, such as tolerance to drought stress. Thus, uncovering the molecular basis of drought related traits in the accessions may play a key role in developing new drought tolerant cotton varieties. In this study, to detect single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) significantly associated with drought tolerance related physiological responses, genome-wide association study (GWAS) was conducted in 189 semi-wild accessions of Gossypium hirsutum races using 80K Illumina Infinium SNP array. We performed GWAS using mixed linear model implemented in TASSEL 5 software, and detected 1 and 2 SNPs significantly associated with malondialdehyde and proline, respectively, on 2 of the 26 cotton chromosomes, explaining 9.80-11.61% of the total phenotypic variation. In addition, we identified 7 and 59 candidate genes related to malondialdehyde and proline, respectively. The identified SNPs and genes not only further advance our understanding of the genetic architecture of drought tolerance but also could be utilized in future drought tolerance improvement programs though marker assisted selection in cotton.

Speaker
Biography:

Asael Greenfeld has an MSc in dryland Ecology from BGU Israel and following years of enviromental education is Israel and Australia, has taken on a PhD course in Environmental Economics at Curtin University WA, in conjunction with the Tel-Hai academic college in Israel.

Abstract:

Aquaponics, or integrated farming of fish and plants, has potential for sustainably producing high quality food, but has not become a commercial success in most places. In recent years, aquaponics has been receiving growing attention from the scientific community, and the current literature covers many aspects of aquaponics production. We reviewed the current literature and classified the specific areas covered by each paper and its contribution to cost reduction or benefit enhancement. Regardless of contradicting views of current profitability, there seems to be a consensus that 1) bigger systems are economically superior to smaller ones; 2) profitability is sensitive to retail prices; and perhaps most importantly, most authors agree that commercial aquaponics can become more profitable by improving business plans. We identified three under-studied aspects that could each be a “game changer” for commercial aquaponics: 1) Grower considerations such as financial planning and risk management that may affect potential growers’ initial engagement in aquaponics; 2) Consumer perception of aquaponics products including willingness to pay more for the added value; 3) The economic value of environmental benefits of aquaponic systems, and ways to internalise them. We present some results from our study on growers’ and consumers’ perception of aquaponics that highlight the importance of case specific business planning and market research. Further study of each of these three aspects will support ongoing attempts to establish large-scale aquaponics as an economically sustainable practice.  

Speaker
Biography:

Cosmas Parwada has completed his PhD at the age of 34 years from Fort Hare University He is a lecturer at the Bindura University of Science Education, Zimbabwe. He has published more than 20 papers in reputed journals and has been serving as an editorial board member of repute.

Abstract:

Soil properties are known to influence soil organic matter (SOM) resident time. However, there is limited information on the interactive effects of SOM quality and soil moisture on SOC and microbial biomass carbon (MBC) hence on soil losses. Therefore, this study investigated the effects of different organic matter and soil moisture in soils with low (< 2%) initial SOC content on the SOC, MBC and soil loss with time of organic matter incorporation. Six soils were incubated for 34 weeks at 25oC after adding high quality (C/N = 23) Vachellia karroo leaf litter and low quality (C/N = 41) Zea mays stover.  The effect of SOM quality and soil moisture on the SOC content, MBC and soil loss was significantly (P < 0.05) the same within but varied across soils. Soils that were continuously wet lost more SOC than under alternating wet-dry moisture conditions. Microbial biomass carbon was controlled by the availability of organic matter and moisty soil conditions. Low MBC values corresponded to high SOC and soil loss. Continuously wet soils with high sand particles promoted rapid loss of SOC compared to alternating wet-dry soils. Therefore, continuously wet sandy soils are likely to contribute more to the climate warming than alternating wet-dry soil moisture. In the wake of the climatic change, addition of OM in continuously wet soils need to be regulated but to reduce soil loss re-application of fresh OM has to be more frequent under continuously wet sandy soils than in alternating wet-dry moisture regimes.

Speaker
Biography:

Abstract:

One of problems faced by cocoa farmers is waste cocoa beans that can not fulfill market standard. Ecological problems above could be principle back to nature by application it to make soap based fat cocoa apkir and a ginger extract. The purpose of this research was to determine the optimum consentration of oleoresin needed for the reaction with cocoa afkir fat during the bar soap making qualified to SNI and provides a relaxing effect. The treatments in this study were the addition of ginger extracts 5%, 10% and 15%. Observations on the soap were including chemical properties, physical properties, and organoleptic test. The results of the analysis showed that all soap formulas met the requirements of solid soap SNI 3532:2016 for water content, residual free alkali, and unsoluble raw materials. The formula of soap with addition of ginger extract 10% was the best product with organoleptic test test results reached 2,64 with color, aroma, texture, foam, and warm effect attributes that can be used for relaxation. The analysis results of those soap were 9,85 of water content, 0.08% of residual free alkali, 0.412% of unsoluble raw materials in etanol, pH value of 10.5, hardness 2.7224 N, the foam stability of 1.5 cm. This technology could be applied in the production of soap with the addition of ginger extract and to be developed into some industrial scale.

Speaker
Biography:

Abstract:

Maize is called king of cereals because of its productivity potential compared to any other cereal crop. Planting method is soil management tool which affect plant growth and yield. Optimum plant density of maize crop varies considerably depending upon climatic conditions of the growing area and fertility status of the soils. Maize is a plant with individual productivity; therefore plant density determines yield significantly. Optimal plant density can be affected by the genetic properties and the given hybrid, just as by the conditions of the production area, by the extent of water and nutrient supply. Plant distance is an important factor for higher production and gives equal opportunity to the plants for their survival and best use of other input.  A field experiment was conducted at Bajeng Experimental Station, South Sulawesi, Indonesia, during dry season 2016 by using pump to irrigated plant. The aimed is to find out optimum population density and system of planting to enhance hybrid maize yield. Fifteen treatments of planting methods consist of 5 levels of population density (71.428 plants ha-1, 74.074 plants ha-1, 79.365 plants ha-1 , 88.888 plants ha-1 and 95.238 plants ha-1) and two spacing methods  (flat and twin) were compared. The experiment was conducted in Randomized Complete Block Design with three replications. Maize variety Bima-4 was used for the study.  The experiment was planted on April and harvested on August 2016. The result of the experiment showed that the combination of twin spacing method (100-40 cm x 15 cm) and population density of 95.238 plants ha-1 produced highest maize yield 10.97 t ha-1.

Endro Gunawan

Indonesian Agency for Agricultural Research and Development, Indonesia.

Title: Analysis Performance of The Warehouse Receipt System (WRS) To Support Agricultural Marketing in Indonesia.
Speaker
Biography:

Abstract:

The common characteristics of agricultural commodities are perishable, seasonally and variability.  Agricultural commodity prices fluctuate where during harvest time the price is low. To get a high selling price, farmers can make a "selling delay" by storing their goods in the warehouse and reselling at high prices. By store, the goods in the warehouse farmers get a warehouse receipt that can be used as collateral to obtain financing to meet the daily needs as well as for the needs of venture capital.   Warehouse Receipt System (WRS) have been implemented in Indonesia in 2008 based on Law No. 9 of 2006 on Warehouse Receipt System. There are ten commodities that can be stored in the WRS warehouse: paddy rice, rice, corn, coffee, cocoa, pepper, seaweed, rattan, rubber, and salt. The implementation of WRS is slow. The objective of this research are : 1) to analysis the concept of Warehouse Receipt System in Indonesia, and 2) to assess the performance of WRS   to support marketing system of corn commodities.   The research was conducted in 2015 in Tasikmalaya District, West Java Province.  Primary data were collected through direct interviews using structured questionnaires to farmers, trader, WRS Managers and Bank. The data analysed by quantitatively and qualitatively analysis. Data analysis results are presented in the form of analytical tables which then discussed descriptively, comparing the concept and implementation of WRS.   The results of the study obtained information that the WRS implemented since 2008 implementation is slow. Stakeholders involved too much and the procedures are too long ranging from farmers, warehouse managers, assessment agencies (LPK) and financial institutions. The performance of WRS in Tasikmalaya District, West Java Province in 2015 has been utilized by 15 users with the number of corn successfully stored in WRS Jamanis warehouse reached 386.52 tons or equivalent of corn value of Rp 1, 623 billion. The number of WRS proposed as credit collateral amounts to 12 WRS with a total realization of Rp 900 million. The cost component charged from WRS users consist of : the cost for quality test Rp 280.000 per one warehouse receipt, transportation cost Rp. 10-20/kg, drying cost Rp. 200/kg and insurance costs Rp. 0.24 per item value. 

Speaker
Biography:

Ulima Darmania Amanda was with Departement of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics & Natural Sciences, University of Indonesia, Depok - Indonesia while doing her bachelor thesis in Laboratory for Biotechnology, Agency for The Assessment and Application of Technology, Gedung 630 Kawasan Puspiptek Serpong, Tangerang – Indonesia. She is now with Banten Assessment Institutes for Agricultural Technology (AIAT), Serang – Indonesia (e-mail: [email protected]).

Abstract:

Palm oil contains 40% of palmitic acid – a saturated fatty acid - synthesized by PATE gene. Therefore down-regulation of PATE gene will significantly increase the palm oil quality. The objective of the study was to isolate PATE gene to be able to down-regulated its expression. PATE gene was isolated by rapid amplification 3’-cDNA ends (3’-RACE). cDNA was synthesized using mRNA isolated from unripe fruitlet. Nested PCR was conducted and the PCR products were sequenced using Sanger method. The sequence data were blasted to the genebank database to obtain gene identity. A total of 483 bp of pate gene was successfully amplified. The results showed that the 483 bp nucleotide sequence was 97,10%  identical to PATE from oil palm mesocarp (acc. num. AF147879.2). The datasets developed in this study will help in developing strategies to manipulate palmitic acid composition on palm oil. Efforts to isolate full-length PATE gene are still needed.

Yeli Sarvina

Indonesian Agency for Research and Development , Indonesia.

Title: University of Indonesia
Speaker
Biography:

Yeli Sarvina graduated from  Flood Risk Management Erasmus Mundus master program. Now she is working  as agrohydrometeorology researcher at Indonesia Agroclimate and Hydrology Research Institute, Indonesia Agency For Research and development, Ministry of Agriculture Republik of Indonesia.

Abstract:

The alteration rain fall in Indonesia as an impact of climate variability and climate change has given huge impact to agriculture sector, not only on food crops, but also on horticulture crops. El Nino-southern Oscillation (ENSO) is an inter annual factor that influenced rainfall variability in Indonesia. The ENSO occurrences increase in its intensity and frequency. This paper aimed to identify  the influenced of  ENSO on rambutan (Nephelium Lappaceum L.)  production in Indonesia. Rambutan  is one of the most important tropical fruits in Indonesia. The data analyzed are time series production data all provinces and ENSO phase data.  The data was analyzed by main  island base (sumatera, Java, Bali and Nusa Tenggara, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, Papua and Maluku). The analysis reveal that annual production rambutan decreased on El-Nina years.  Analysis by island also showed that productions decreased in all islands. The influenced  El-Nina on production  in Sumatera islands is less significant than  other islands. Several research have reported that there is another factor that influenced Sumatera rainfall significantly, namely Indian Oscillation Dipole (IOD). ENSO have influenced the production of rambutan in Indonesia. Therefore efforts to understand the relation of  ENSO and production should be assessed continuously.

Speaker
Biography:

Heni has completed her PhD at University of The Philippines Los Banos, College of Human Ecology and the Faculty of Human Nutrition and Food. She is Researcher at Yogyakarta Assessment Institute of Agriculture Technology. She has expert in the post-harvest technology.

Abstract:

Taro is one of the local food commodities which until now has not received attention and have the opportunity to be developed. One type of taro that became the richness of germplasm in every region in Indonesia is Taro Satoimo (Colocasia esculenta var antiquorum) better known as taro Japan including tuber crops that can be used as food. The superiority of taro Satoimo is can be cultivated on open land or under other plant stands. Based on several research results taro Satoimo able to grow shaded up to 70% shade. Production potential in sandy soil is higher (3.4kg / m2) than in the yard (2.04 kg / m2) with various tuber characteristics. Utilization of taro satoimo in Indonesia into various products such as flour with 24% yield of flour taro japan has a high enough nutritional content, with high protein content 8.85% while fat content 0.56% lower than taro in general 1.64%, starch (63, 51%), amylose 11,10%, amylopectin 52,91%, calorie 92.30 kal, carbohydrate 16.33 g, calcium 9 mg, phosphor 5 g and fiber (CF) 16.18%. Satoimo taro flour has a different white degree with taro flour in general. Diversification of processed products of taro other than flour is also used for processed cake seprti brownies steamed with 25% and 25% trigu flour substitution in accordance with consumer preference results. Besides this type of taro is also used as a juice because it contains hyalitrotic acid, a collagen-forming protein compound that is believed to slow the aging process of the skin so that the opportunity for cosmetic ingredients. Based on the potential and utilization of taro satoimo still need to be preserved as one of germplasm in Indonesia. 

Speaker
Biography:

Umi Pudji Astuti is a extention worker in Indonesian Agency for Agricultural Research and Development (IAARD) Ministry of Agriculture. The Activities responsible 2 years a go are leed of activity : 1) Efectiveness Disemination methode supported agribisnis of citrus Bengkulu Province; 2) Disemination of result and assesment spesific location Bengkulu; 3) Assesment of the Model Bioindustri Farming Sistem based on Specific Location of Crop – Live Stock Integration Bengkulu Province;. Her Current duty are: a member of The Improvement Extension Capacity in the Accerelaration of Agriculture in Innovation Development in DIY Province; a member of field assessment Rice in DIY Province.

Abstract:

The effectiveness of agricultural extension is determined by components in agricultural extension system among others are agricultural extension methods. Effective methods should be selected and defined based on the characteristics of target, resources,  materials, and  objectives to be achieved. Citrus agribusiness development in Lebong is certainly supported by the role of stakeholders and citrus farmers, as well as the proper dissemination of methods. Adoption process in extension substantially can be interpreted as changes of behavior process such as: knowledge (cognitive), attitudes (affective), and skill (psycho-motoric) in a person after receiving "innovation" from extension submitted by target communities. The output of this study: 1) to analyze the effectiveness of field trial methods in improving cognitive and affective farmers; 2) Knowing the relationship of adoption level and knowledge of farmers; 3) to analyze the factors that influence farmers' adoption. Method of this study are field day and survey to 40 respondents in Rimbo Pengadang Sub District, Lebong District in 2014. Analyzed data was done by descriptive and statistical parametric (multiple linear functions). The results showed that: 1) Field trip method is effective to improve the farmer knowledge (23,17% ) and positively affect the farmer attitude; 2) the knowledge level of PTKJS innovation farmers "positively and very closely related".; 3) the factors that influence the level of farmers' adoption are internal factors (education, knowledge, and the intensity of training), and external factors respondents (distance from the house to the garden and from the house to production facilities shop).

Speaker
Biography:

Lina Aisyawati  graduate from soil science of  Brawijaya University at 2006.

She is a junior reseacher at Java Assessment Institute for Agricultural Technology of Indonesia   Agriculture Ministry. He has published her paper in national confrence in Indonesia.

 

Abstract:

The purpose of this research is to know the effectiveness of macro compound NK fertilization on growth and productivity of corn. The experiment was conducted in lowland of Banjararum Village, Singosari Subdistrict, Malang Regency on Dry Season 2016, using experimental plot measuring 6 m x 4 m was designed in randomized block with 6 combinations of fertilization, and repeated 4 times, namely: (1) A (0 kg Urea/ha + 0 kg SP-36/ha + 0 kg Ponska/ha + 0 kg NK/ha), (2) B (300 kg Urea/ha + 50 kg SP-36/ha + 200 kg Ponska/ha + 0 kg NK/ha), (3) C (300 kg Urea/ha + 50 kg SP-36/ha + 0 kg Ponska/ha + 200 kg NK/ha), (4) D (275 kg Urea/ha + 50 kg SP-36/ha + 0 kg Ponska/ha + 300 kg NK/ha), (5) E (250 kg Urea/ha + 50 kg SP-36/ha + 0 kg Ponska/ha + 400 kg NK/ha), and (6) F (225 kg Urea/ha + 50 kg SP-36/ha + 0 kg Ponska/ha + 500 kg NK/ha). The results showed that macro compound NK fertilization with enhanced administration was accompanied by the addition of growth and analysis of the growth of corn. In the treatment of F that is giving 500 kg/ha of macro compound NK fertilization with 225 kg of Urea/ha and 50 kg SP-36/ha obtained an increase in yield of 11,200 kg/ha dry seeds with the profit of corn farming Rp. 1,905,000 per hectare

Keywords: Macro compound NK fertilizer, growth, productivity, corn, Lowland

 

Speaker
Biography:

Rajbir Singh has completed his Ph.D from G. B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar (UK) India. Presently, working as Associate Professor in the Department of Plant Pathology, Gochar Mahavidyalaya, Rampur Maniharan, Saharanpur (UP). He has published more than 50 research papers, scientific articles, pamphlets, book chapters and books. He has organized two National conference and several workshops. He has completed projects funded by DBT, UGC & NABARD.

Abstract:

This study was carried out to know the individual and cumulative effect of different containers, genotypes and fungicidal treatments on per cent seed rot at different storage period (January to May) in rice. In container cotton bags, the seed rot incidence was comparatively more than in polythene bags at all the storage period. The incidence of seed rot increases with an increase in storage period in all rice genotypes. The per cent seed rot was nil in IR-66 and KMR-3 in the month of January but increased in subsequent months of storage. In CMS 58025 A and CMS 58025 B there has been highest percentage of seed rot at all the storage periods and were significantly different from the rest of genotypes IR-66, KMR-3 and Pant Dhan-11 which were statistically at par. All the seed treatments were found superior over check on regard to reduction in seed rot at all the storage period. Thiram reduce maximum seed rot. In cumulative effect of different containers, genotypes and fungicidal seed treatments on per cent seed rot at different storage period, the genotype CMS 58025 A and CMS 58025 B in polythene bags and cotton bags showed higher percentage of seed rot, irrespective of different seed treatments as compared to genotype restorer (IR–66 and KMR-3) and variety Pant Dhan-11 in same containers with same treatments. Chlorothalonil and Contaf have been found less effective over rest of the treatments. With the increase in storage period there has been an increase in per cent seed rot in all the genotypes, irrespective of various seed treatments, in both the containers. In genotypes IR-66, KMR-3 and Pant Dhan-11 with an increase in storage period, there has been an increase in per cent seed rot in all the seed treatment as compare to check in both the containers. 

Speaker
Biography:

Kumar K P has completed his M.Sc (Agri.) from University of Agricultural Sciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India and presently, pursuing Ph D in Agricultural Entomology in the same University. He is awarded ICAR-Junior Research Fellow for his Master’s programme, and got two gold medals viz., Dr. Ambedkar’s Award by Agroevo-India Ltd Gold Medal; Smt. Alumelamma and V. Nanjaiah Memorial Gold Medal at the 49th convocation UAS, Bengaluru, India for securing highest OGPA of 9.46 out of 10 in the M.Sc (Agri.), and received Best Master’s Thesis award from by Genesis Urban and Rural Development Society, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.  He has published more than 10 papers in reputed journals.

Abstract:

Pomegranate, Punicagranatum L. is an important fruit crop in tropics and sub-tropics serving dietetic, remedial and aesthetic values. Pomegranate fruit borer, Deudorixisocrates (Fab.) is a destructive pest which incurs up to 65 to cent per cent yield loss. However, though there are measures such as spraying of Monocrotophos (36WSC), dimethoate (30EC), endosulfan (Thiodan 35EC) alternate with cypermethrin (25EC), fenvalerate (Fenval 10EC) has been tried to control this pest infestation but these measures are not economically feasible and eco-friendly. Hence, the objective of the research was to develop eco-friendly management practices that are ecologically sound and economically feasible. Biological studies revealed that female lays eggs singly on the calyx of flowers or on young fruits and newly hatched larvae bores inside the developing fruits and are usually found feeding on the pulp and seeds just below the rind. It took on an average 63.92 ± 2.87 day to complete life cycle from oviposition to adult emergence. We have tried number of control measures (deltamethrin (Decis) 2.8EC @1 mL/L; chlorantraniliprole (Coragen) 20SC @ 0.4 mL/L; Bt (Dipel) @ 1 mL/L; Combination of Neem soap + Bt@10 g/L and 1 mL/L, respectively; Neem soap @10 g/L; Covering with brown paper bags; Control; Weeding. The results on the percent infestation reduction over untreated revealed that package with bagging of fruits + application of chlorantranilprole 20SC @ 0.4 mL/L water leads to a 90.5 % reduction in fruit borer infestation. Similarly, field sanitation + bagging of fruits with brown paper bags along with combination of neem soap + Bt realized 98.5 % control of the pest on pomegranate. Our novel findings demonstrate that these two packages provide viable alternative for the control of fruit borer small scale farming systems. Such management strategies would enhance the income of farmers without deteriorating environmental quality.

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Abstract:

Imbalanced nutrient management and decreased soil organic matter are the main factors responsible for yield decline. Leaves of multipurpose trees constitute valuable resources which are potential source of green manure. The decomposition rate of green manure is related to its quality, often expressed with an index, such as the C/N ratio, lignin/N ratio and lignin + polyphenol/N ratio. Present experiment was designed with leaves from three tree species Dalbergia sissoo, Cassia fistula, Azadirachta indica either alone or in combination with wheat straw. High N containing tree leaf materials resulted in increased N- mineralization or available-N, but this effect was lowered in presence of high concentration of polyphenols and lignin in the decomposing material. Among tree leaf treatments, maximum value of RE (87%) and AE (15 kg grain kg N applied-1) was observed in D. sissoo and lower value in A. indica tree leaf treatment. In case of physiological efficiency (PE) reverse was true. When high quality tree leaves mix with wheat straw it reduced RE (11-25%) and AE (5-7 kg grain kg N applied-1) but increase PE. Among tree leaf treatments, in this study, D. sissoo showed higher increase in mean microbial biomass C (2 times) and N (2.5 times) over control. The addition of tree leaf alone increase mean microbial biomass N (32 mgg-1) 129% higher of control; increased was 50% greater in case of tree leaf+wheat straw treatment. Chemical fertilizer increases microbial biomass C and N only 18% and 14% over control. The N rich species leaf treatment, TNP was 68-161% greater than control whereas in combination treatments this increase was 23-48%. Among tree leaf treatment, decomposition was very rapid initially in D.sissoo and in other treatments it started little late. Decomposition of materials regulates N-mineralization and N-uptake in different plants. Decomposition of materials depends on its quality like C, N, lignin and polyphenol content. Hhigh quality tree leaf was more effective during rice crop period with respect to soil fertility and crop productivity parameter. For assessing the tree leaves affect on soil quality and crop productivity LIG+PPL/N ratio can be used as index for screening of large number of multipurpose tree species and other materials used as soil amendment.

Rohit Lall

Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare, India.

Title: Greenhouse Technology- An Indian Perspective & goi Initiatives
Speaker
Biography:

Abstract:

Protected cultivation technologies have proved to be a boon for farmers in the country by providing conducive climatic conditions for producing round the year with enhanced quantity and better quality of produce. The effectiveness of the technology has been observed world over. Massive production of fresh and high quality vegetables has been very popular in many developed counties in Asia (like Japan, South Korea, China & around Mediterranean region) and in Europe (like Spain, Italy, France, Holland etc.) mostly located in temperate zone to satisfy the strong needs for year round supply of high quality fresh vegetables, fruits etc.

India being a country with diverse climatic regions have shown significant footprints under protected cultivation technologies in the last two decades. In Northern India, these technologies faced high challenges for making them successful against the harsh climatic conditions, whereas, in the mild climatic areas like that of Bangalore and Pune the success rate has been high. Basically the growth of this technology in the country happened mainly due to government policies providing handsome subsidies under the centre sector schemes.

 

The technical knowhow for adoption of protected cultivation technology under Indian conditions was not to the level at the time of inception, with time research and development work carried out by various public sector institutions in collaboration with developed countries gradually reflected that for various Indian climatic conditions the technical designs of different protected structures needs modification suitable to the region specific needs. Under the new era, these kinds of models posses’ high potential for enhancing the income of farmers opting for quality and off-season vegetable and cut flower cultivation. The success of protected cultivation technology entirely depends upon four basic concepts viz., what to produce, when to produce, how to produce and where to sell the high quality produce.

While adopting the protected cultivation technology the most important points viz., market requirement of the produce, distance from the market for the fresh produce, climatic conditions of the area, soil characteristics and quality of water, economic convenience, crop requirement, labour and skilled manpower requirement should be considered.

 

Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare under its flagship scheme of Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture have been promoting this these technologies by way of providing financial assistance to incentivising the capital investment by the farmers. Apart from these MoUs have been signed with leading countries and other designated projects to upscale the adoption and to garner the benefits of these technologies, but still there a huge untapped potential for these technologies.

It is one such technology amongst various plasticulture applications that would generate more employment opportunities for young rural youth as well as cater the gruelling demand by urban cities for quality & disease free produce.